As economies change, so do cultures. The jobs of our fathers, jobs that produced tangible products of iron and steel are being pushed out, traded in grasp for the New. These paintings explore the industrial neighborhoods of Seattle, from Ballard to Georgetown. But instead of being an exercise in nostalgia most everything in the paintings still functions, works ( the dust hopper was razed —shop moved to a new location; the ammo pier was for battleships ). There are no people within the frames, but the workers are felt through their tools.